On March 31, , a Federal District Court struck down Mississippi 's ban on same-sex couples from adoption. Previously several other states had similar bans however Mississippi's was the last to be overruled. Prior to these rulings, adoption laws varied widely by state. Some states granted full adoption rights to same-sex couples, while others banned it entirely or only allowed the partner in a same-sex relationship to adopt the biological child of the other partner. Despite these rulings, LGBTQ people and same-sex couples can still face discrimination when attempting to foster children. LGBTQ people also continue to face moral judgment about whether they are suitable parents.
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In United States, in general, any single adult or a married couple US citizen can be eligible to adopt. In order to do this, the only thing necessary is that the adopters comply with the requirements demanded by the law of the United States. However, international gay adoption is much more complicated, as few countries allow same-sex couples to adopt. The term gay family is also used to describe families made up of two fathers or two mothers and their children, who may have different origins:. Since women can conceive their own children, unless there is a serious fertility problem, gay adoption is more common in male than female couples. In the following sections we will comment on both types of adoption when the adopters are a couple of men or women.
How Many Children Have Gay Parents in the US?
Approximately 4. Romero ; Gallup Poll And, as we mentioned in a recent blog post, same-sex adoption is on the rise. In , 19 percent of same-sex couples raising children have at least one adopted child — up from just 8 percent in Good Housekeeping. This got us thinking about same-sex adoption by the numbers.
Once you and your partner have determined that adoption is right for you and your family , you need to do some research into the adoption possibilities. While all 50 U. Additionally, some states also require that a same-sex couple is in a legally-recognized relationship in order to adopt. Just as with heterosexual couples who are looking to adopt, your adoption agency will ask you to create an adoption profile. The profile should include details about your life, home, reasons for wanting a child, and plans for how you will raise a child, along with photographs that clearly illustrate the sort of home and lifestyle your adopted child would be entering into.